Web application security is a critical concern in today’s digital landscape [1]. Organizations heavily rely on web applications to deliver services and protect sensitive data [1]. However, these applications are often targeted by threat actors [3], accounting for 26% of successful attacks [3]. To enhance web application security [1], the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) provides valuable resources and guidelines [1]. One of its key contributions is the regularly updated OWASP Top Ten [1], which lists the most critical web application security risks [1].


According to OWASP, authorization and access control pose major challenges in web application security [3]. The OWASP Top 10 list for 2021 highlights several vulnerabilities, including broken authorization, broken authentication [3], improper access to resources [3], unrestricted access to sensitive business flows [3], and server-side request forgery [3]. These vulnerabilities pose significant risks to the security of web applications. Additionally, security misconfigurations are a prevalent issue [3], with a TruRisk Research report identifying over 25 million vulnerabilities in more than 370,000 web applications [3], with security misconfigurations being the most common problem [3]. Addressing security misconfigurations is crucial in mitigating potential risks.

To prevent these vulnerabilities [2], implementing secure coding practices such as input validation and correct sanitization is essential. Web Application Firewalls (WAFs) can provide additional protection by filtering out malicious traffic [2]. However, secure coding and correct sanitization are crucial in mitigating more advanced attacks [2]. It is also important to have incident response and recovery measures in place to address security incidents.


Web application security vulnerabilities have significant impacts on organizations, as they can lead to data breaches and compromise sensitive information. By addressing the vulnerabilities highlighted by OWASP, organizations can enhance their web application security and protect against potential attacks. Implementing secure coding practices [2], utilizing Web Application Firewalls [2], and having incident response and recovery measures in place are crucial steps in mitigating risks. As the digital landscape continues to evolve, staying updated on the latest web application security risks and implementing appropriate measures will be essential for organizations to maintain a secure online presence.


[1] https://talent500.co/blog/web-application-security-owasp-top-ten/
[2] https://thehackernews.com/2023/12/bug-or-feature-hidden-web-application.html
[3] https://betanews.com/2023/12/15/web-application-security/