The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has recently implemented new regulations that require publicly traded companies to report cyberattacks that have a significant impact [3], including those involving operational technology (OT) operations. These rules also mandate timely disclosure of cybersecurity incidents and the provision of annual information on cybersecurity risk management, strategy [1], and governance [1]. Failure to comply with these rules may result in financial penalties and reputational harm. This article highlights the seriousness of recent cybersecurity regulations and emphasizes the need for public companies to prioritize cybersecurity within their organizations.


The SEC has taken legal action against SolarWinds and its Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), Timothy G [2]. Brown [2], alleging their failure to disclose poor cybersecurity practices [2]. This case serves as a reminder of the importance of proactive cybersecurity measures and the potential consequences of non-disclosure. An example of such exploitation is the incident involving the ALPHV ransomware gang breaching MeridianLink’s network and attempting to extort the company by threatening to report the cybersecurity incident to the SEC. To effectively respond to cyberattacks, companies must develop comprehensive incident response plans that enable quick identification [3], containment, and remediation [3]. Collaboration with the cybersecurity community is also crucial in establishing stronger defenses against threat actors. The SEC’s new rules increase accountability and underscore the significance of maintaining excellent cyber hygiene in today’s cyber threat landscape. These regulations represent a step towards a more proactive approach to cyber risk management [1], enhancing the accuracy and consistency of reporting [1].


The implementation of the SEC’s new rules has significant implications for public companies. It highlights the need for organizations to prioritize cybersecurity and take proactive measures to protect their systems and data. By developing robust incident response plans and collaborating with the cybersecurity community, companies can better defend against cyber threats. The increased accountability brought about by these regulations emphasizes the importance of maintaining excellent cyber hygiene. Moving forward, these rules will contribute to a more proactive approach to cyber risk management, ultimately improving the accuracy and consistency of reporting in the cybersecurity landscape.