CISA and the National Security Agency have collaborated to release a report that identifies the top 10 misconfigurations in enterprise IT defense. These misconfigurations were discovered through assessments conducted by the two agencies [3], aiming to uncover vulnerabilities and potential exploits. The report offers guidance on mitigating risks and strengthening cybersecurity measures.


The report highlights various misconfigurations, including default software settings [1], improper user and administrator privilege separation [1], and inadequate internal network monitoring. It emphasizes the importance of network segmentation, effective patch management [1], access control lists [1], and strong authentication tools [1]. Additionally, it calls for organizations to prioritize baseline security and for software manufacturers to adopt secure-by-design principles to reduce cyber threats.

Furthermore, the report provides a list of mitigations for network defenders and software manufacturers to enhance cybersecurity [2]. Eric Goldstein [1], CISA’s executive assistant director for cybersecurity [1], urges software manufacturers to take immediate action to improve security outcomes for their customers. However, it remains uncertain if organizations, particularly in the private sector [2], will have the necessary resources to prioritize these efforts amidst budget pressures [2].


The report’s findings have significant implications for organizations’ cybersecurity. By addressing the identified misconfigurations and implementing the recommended mitigations, organizations can enhance their defense against cyber threats. However, the challenge lies in whether organizations, especially those in the private sector, can allocate sufficient resources to prioritize these efforts in the face of budget constraints. It is crucial for software manufacturers to play their part by adopting secure-by-design principles to reduce vulnerabilities and protect their customers. The report serves as a call to action for urgent improvements in security outcomes and highlights the need for ongoing vigilance in the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity.