China’s cyber power [1] [3], as reported by FBI Director Christopher Wray, surpasses that of all other major nations combined [2]. Chinese hackers outnumber US cyber personnel by at least 50 to 1 and have become increasingly sophisticated [1] [3]. This article explores the various tactics employed by Chinese threat actors and their impact on the United States.


Chinese hackers [1] [3], known as Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs), have shifted their focus to targeting edge devices and exploiting zero-day vulnerabilities [1] [3]. They have reorganized their military and security agencies to prioritize cyber capabilities. Chinese APTs engage in both espionage and financially motivated campaigns [1] [3], with notable examples like APT41. To protect their interests, China employs disinformation campaigns and leverages emerging technologies like generative AI for hacking efforts. Their hacking program has resulted in the theft of significant amounts of personal and corporate data from various sectors of the US economy.


China’s cyber activities have serious implications for the United States. The theft of intellectual property and the use of it to compete against American companies is considered unacceptable [2]. To mitigate these threats, increased cybersecurity measures and collaboration between nations are necessary. Additionally, research into the use of AI and deepfakes by Chinese threat actors is crucial for future defense strategies. The impacts of China’s cyber power extend beyond just the United States and require a comprehensive and coordinated response.